Copyright infringement refers to using works that are legally protected by copyright law without first obtaining the prior permission where it’s required. As a result, certain exclusive rights are being infringed upon, such as the right to distribute, reproduce, perform, or display the protected work, as well as to make derivative works.
Typically, the copyright holder is considered to be the creator of the work, and they will routinely invoke both technological and legal measures in order to both penalize and prevent copyright infringement.
Disputes involving copyright infringement will typically be resolved through the following means:
*Notice and take down process
*Litigation in civil court
On the other hand, copyright infringement on larger scales will often be prosecuted through the criminal justice system, especially when issues such as counterfeiting is involved.
In terms of the overall estimates of the actual economic impact of copyright infringement, these are said to vary widely. Additionally, they also depend on a wide variety of factors as well. Regardless, many have long characterized copyright infringement as being the same thing as theft and piracy.
Many countries around the world have made the decision to extend copyright protections to authors of various types of works, with copyright enforcement generally being the responsibility of the actual copyright holder. In several different jurisdictions, however, criminal penalties also exist for copyright infringement as well.
A common example of piracy in the U.S. is regarding media like movies or music. People will make illegal copies of the media and this is illegal whether or not the copies are sold or for personal use.
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